Who is a competent Person to do Electrical Test & Tag?

 

Competency requirements for those carrying out inspection and testing of electrical equipment

Inspection and testing of electrical equipment must be carried out by a person who has acquired, through training, qualification or experience, the knowledge and skills to carry out the task (i.e. be a ‘competent person’). Inspection and testing of electrical equipment must be carried out by a competent person who has the relevant knowledge, skills and test instruments to carry out the relevant inspection and testing. The person carrying out any testing of electrical equipment should also be competent to interpret the test results of any equipment they use. For example, a person carrying out testing under AS/NZS 3760:2010 must be:

  • a licensed or registered electrician (whichever applies), or
  • in some jurisdictions, a licensed electrical inspector, or
  • a person who has successfully completed a structured training course and been deemed competent in the use of a pass-fail type portable appliance tester and the visual inspection of electrical equipment.

The training should be designed to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that on completion successful participants:

  • can use the relevant test equipment safely and effectively
  • understand electrical risks and appreciate the role that inspection and testing plays in ensuring electrical safety
  • understand AS/NZS 3760:2010 and AS/NZS 3012:2010 (if testing equipment for construction or demolition sites)
  • understand the legal requirements relevant to the work.

Some kinds of electrical testing must only be carried out by a licensed electrician or electrical inspector under local electrical safety laws. For example, testing requiring the dismantling of electrical equipment should only be carried out by a licensed electrician.

Additional or different competencies may be required for more complex kinds of testing outside the scope of AS/NZS 3760:2010.

If in doubt, advice should be obtained from a person qualified and experienced in electrical equipment testing, for example an electrician, electrical contractor, electrical inspector, specialist testing provider or relevant regulator.

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Tested & True ~ test & tag  Lonsdale We know how to test sensitive electrical equipment like that of a Surge Power Board and other Surge protected equipment…We specifically use the STC ProLogger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one neat piece of equipment. On top this all our Technicians are Trained to National Standard UEENEEP008 in test & tag operations by Intertag in Sydney NSW, all our Equipment is in good repair and up to date. Most of all we pride ourselves on our Knowledge of OH&S legislation and the current Australian Standards ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price.

Article By Peter Hill… Tested & True ~ test & tag, Lonsdale, South Australia, Contact 0407605568 February 2016 www.testedandtrue.com.au

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Electrical fires & Fire Extinguishers

Electrical fires and Fire Extinguishers

But First a bit about Portable Fire Extinguishers…Basically Fire extinguishers are devices that release chemicals and/or water to put out a fire. They keep small fires from spreading, assist in fighting fires but are only first to the incident appliances until the fire department arrives. Fire extinguishers and on site Fire hoses are designed to provide the user with an appliance to attend a small fire during its initial stage. When deciding to attack a fire, always designate another person to raise the alarm and obtain a back-up fire extinguisher. Portable fire extinguishers should be provided in all buildings.

Types of fire extinguishers and their application

There are basically 5  types of portable fire extinguishers used here  in Australia. They are Water, Foam, Dry Powder, Wet Chemical and Carbon Dioxide. Each type of extinguisher may be rated for one or more classes of fire. In some cases, particular extinguishers are not only considered ineffective against certain classes of fire, they can be dangerous in those circumstances. The Classes of fire are:

CLASS A Paper, Wood, Cardboard

CLASS B Solvents, Paint, Petroleum, Ethanol/methanol

CLASS E Electrical fires(this is the one we are going to concentrate on in this article)

CLASS F Cooking oils and fats

OPERATION

To use the extinguisher, you pull out the safety pin (this metal safety pin prevents the operating lever from closing accidentally) and depress the operating lever. The lever pushes on an actuating rod, which presses the spring-mounted valve down to open up the passage to the nozzle. The bottom of the actuating rod has a sharp point, which pierces the gas cylinder release valve. The proper way to use the extinguisher is to aim it directly at the fuel, rather than the flames themselves, and move the stream with a sweeping motion.

Using an extiguisher

Of the 5 extinguishers types 2 are suitable for Electrical fires they Dry Powder and Carbon Dioxide

Dry Powder

ABE powder consists of mono ammonium phosphate and/or ammonium phosphate. It is effective on Class A: B & E Fires .As well as suppressing the flame in the air, it also melts at a low temperature to form a layer of slag which excludes oxygen from the fuel. For this reason it is effective against class A fires unlike a Rating B:E only extinguisher. ABE powder is the best agent for fires involving multiple classes.

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide is especially effective on electrical fires, Class E Fires, as being a gas; it does not leave any residues which might further harm the damaged equipment. Carbon dioxide (CO2) also works on Classes B and C Fires by displacing the less dense oxygen. This can be problematic in enclosed occupied spaces as we need oxygen too! Although carbon dioxide is exhaled in our own breath, in the high concentrations required to extinguish deep seated fires it is one of the most toxic extinguishing agents used. (Carbon dioxide can also be used on Class A Fires when it is important to avoid water damage, but in this application the gas concentration must usually be maintained longer than is possible with a hand-held extinguisher.)

So as you can see Both of these extinguisher are suitable for Electrical fires but it depends on whether your fighting a fire in a confined space which would make using the Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher out of the question!

Tested & True ~ test & tag  Lonsdale also does fire Extinguisher and smoke Alarm testing to National Standards.. Also we Test and Tag electrical items and we use the very latest in Portable Appliance Testing…The STC ProLogger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one neat piece of equipment. On top this all our Technicians are Trained to National Standard UEENEEP008 in test & tag operations by Intertag in Sydney NSW, all our Equipment is in good repair and in Calibration. Most of all we pride ourselves on our Knowledge of OH&S legislation and the current Australian Standards ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price.

Article By Peter Hill… Tested & True ~ test & tag, Lonsdale, South Australia, Contact 0407605568 www.testedandtrue.com.au

 

Electrical Risk Assessment in test & tag

Electrical Risk Assessment is a necessary step prior to determining a Test & Tag interval of testing

After the work area has been determined as either electrically non-hostile or hostile, a regular inspection schedule can be developed. It is recommended that regular workplace safety inspections are synchronised with the checking periods which are required for electrical equipment.

Non-hostile electrical environment This is a workplace that is dry, clean, With equipment and leads are away from danger from sharps and flexing  or anything else that may result in damage to electrical equipment or the flexible supply cord. In accordance with Safe Work Australia: Code of Practice – Managing Electrical Risks in the Workplace, electrical equipment used in electrically non-hostile operating environments does not require tagging. It is sufficient to visually inspect equipment and cords for damage prior to use and thereafter on a regular basis.

Hostile electrical environment This is a workplace where the equipment or appliance may be subjected to events or operating conditions which could result in damage to the equipment or a reduction in its expected lifespan. What is a Hostile Environment? Is the electrical equipment, when used in normal operation, exposed to any of the following items that might result in damage to the equipment or reduction in its expected life span:

  • Mechanical damage?
  • Moisture?
  • Heat?
  • Vibration?
  • Corrosive substances?
  • Dust?
  • Sharps?
  • Grease/Oil?

If ‘YES’ to any of the above, the environment is considered ‘hostile’ according to the Australian Standards AS/NZS 3760  for testing & tagging.. Just as a general guide see the table Below… It is taken from the Australian Standards AS/NZS 3760  for testing and Tagging and it forms the basis of State and Industry testing and tagging requirements. Below is a key for identifying the categories in the table and the type of environment in which they are found.

coloured text = Intervals for retesting in a hostile environment.

coloured text = Intervals for retesting in a Non hostile environment.

coloured text  = Intervals for retesting for specific equipment/circumstances without regard to the environment it will be used.

Type of environment &/or equipment Interval between inspection & tests
Equipment including Class 1 equipment, Class II equipment, cord sets, cord extension sets & EPODs Residual current devices (RCDs)
Push-button test – by user Operation time&push-button test
Fixed Portable
Factories, workshop, places of manufacture, assembly, maintenance or fabrication. 6 months Daily use, whichever is the longer 6 months 12 months 12 months
  Environment where the equipment or supply flexible cord is subject to flexing in normal use OR is open to abuse OR is in a hostile environment 12 months 3 months 6 months 12 months 12 months
Environment where the equipment or supply cord is NOT subject to flexing in normal use & is NOT open to abuse & is NOT in ahostile environment 5 years 3 months 6 months 2 years 2 years
  Residential type areas of: hotels, residential institutions, motels, boarding houses, halls, hostels accommodation houses & the like 2 years 6 months 6 months 2 years 2 years
Equipment used for commercial cleaning 6 months Daily, or before every use, whichever is the longer N/A 6 months N/A
  Hire equipment Prior to hire Including push-button test by hirerprior to hire N/A N/A
Hire equipment – Inspection N/A
Hire equipment – Test & Tag 3 months N/A 3 months 12 months
  Repaired, serviced & second hand equipment After repair or service which could affect electrical safety, or on reintroduction to service, refer to AS/NZS 5762.

We do the risk assessment for you of  Electrical Hazards taking in environmental concerns it can be conducted at the same time as we test and tag your Electrical Equipment. We provide a Full Report with recommedations to clear up current Hazards and how to prevent future risks. Call and ask for a quote. 040 7605568 Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide uses the very latest in Portable Appliance Testing…The STC ProLogger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one neat piece of equipment. On top this all our Technicians are Trained to National Standard UEENEEP008 in test & tag operations by Intertag in Sydney NSW, all our Equipment is in good repair and in Calibration. Most of all we pride ourselves on our Knowledge of OH&S legislation and the current Australiand Standard AS/NZS 3760:2010 ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price. Call Now Mobile 040 7605568 Visit us at http://www.testedandtrue.com.au or our Newsletter http://testedtruenewsletter.blogspot.com/ Peter Hill Manager , Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide july 2014

Buyers Guide to Surge Protected Power Boards

How do surge protected power boards work ?
At first glance a surge protected power board operates like any other Power Board. It shows its ability at that moment when too much voltage gets passed along the transmission line , the surge protected board lets only a ‘safe’ amount through to the connected equipment. The rest it channels into the electrical outlet’s ‘earth’ and safely dissipated into the ground.
When a surge occurs at a certain level above normal voltage, a component built into the surge protected power board becomes conductive and starts to carry the excess electric current back down through the ground wire, so the damaging high voltage doesn’t reach connected equipment. Once the surge ends, that protective component resumes its ‘dormant’ stage of being non-conductive. It’s a bit like an electrical version of a pressure valve.
Australian domestic wiring is designed for a standard voltage of 230–240 volts. If the voltage goes too far above that, it can damage electronic equipment, which usually has many sensitive components. If excess voltage lasts for a very brief time (1–2 nanoseconds) it’s called a spike. If it lasts longer it’s called a surge. Even though a spike or surge can be so brief their duration is measured in nanoseconds, they can still cause damage to sensitive components. It is vitally important to protect sensitive business equipment, Computers, printers, photocopiers etc these items of equipment are sensitive to Surges in voltage.
Surge_protection_board
So what sort of a Surge Protected Board should you Buy ? Here are the specifications you should consider…Energy absorption/dissipation – This rating, given in joules, tells you how much energy the surge protector can absorb before it fails. A higher number indicates greater protection. Look for a protector that is at least rated at 200 to 400 joules. For better protection, look for a rating of 600 joules or more.
Response time – Surge protectors don’t kick in immediately; there is a very slight delay as they respond to the power surge. A longer response time tells you that your computer (or other equipment) will be exposed to the surge for a greater amount of time. Look for a surge protector that responds in less than Ten nanoseconds.
It is best to look for a Surge protected board with an indicator light that tells you if the protection components are functioning. Eventually the protection component will burn out after continual power surges, but the board will still function as a power connection. Without an indicator light, you have no way of knowing if your protector is still functioning properly.
Other important features may include ?
Building wiring status indicator: Detects potentially dangerous wiring problems in the wall outlet.
Circuit breaker: Protects the surge board from overload by connected devices drawing too much current.
EMI noise filtration: This reduces or eliminates line noise (electrical interference).
Other connections: Surge protected sockets for coaxial cable, modem or Ethernet network, all of which can also conduct high voltage that can damage connected devices.
Outlet spacing: Allows more room for one or more devices that use a transformer block.
Sockets: Check the number of mains power sockets available, usually from four to eight.

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At Tested and True …we come to your work place at a time convenient to you. We can do an assessment of your Electrical Hazards it can be conducted at the same time as we test and tag your Electrical Equipment. We provide a Full Report with recommedations to clear up current Hazards and how to prevent future risks. Call and ask for a quote. 040 7605568 Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide uses the very latest in Portable Appliance Testing…The STC ProLogger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one neat piece of equipment. On top this all our Technicians are Trained to National Standard UEENEEP008 in test & tag operations by Intertag in Sydney NSW, all our Equipment is in good repair and in Calibration. Most of all we pride ourselves on our Knowledge of OH&S legislation and the current Australiand Standard AS/NZS 3760:2010 ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price. Call Now Mobile 040 7605568

Visit us at http://www.testedandtrue.com.au or our Newsletter http://testedtruenewsletter.blogspot.com/

Peter Hill Manager Tested & True ~ test & tag Manager SA 0407605568

Take Care of your Workplace Appliances and Cords

PULL THE PLUG… NOT THE LEAD!

Pulling the plug out of the socket by the lead will eventually expose the single wires which weakens its insulation and therefore increases electrocution risk. The Image below shows what happens to plugs pulled out by the leads
Exposed wires from pulling on lead

KEEP POWER LEADS AWAY FROM HEAT AND WATER.

Heat or water can damage the insulation and create a shock hazard.

POWER LEADS UNDER CARPETS ARE A FIRE HAZARD.

Don’t run electric cords under rugs, through doorways or anywhere they will get excessive wear.

INSPECT POWER LEADS AND POWER BOARDS

Worn, they can cause fires, short circuits or shocks. Check electrical cords and plugs and discard them if they are worn or damaged.

ELIMINATE MULTIPLE CONNECTIONS ON ONE POWER POINT

Plugging a number of cords into one outlet is a fire hazard. It usually indicates that your home wiring is outdated for your needs and that you should have more outlets wired in.

DO NOT CASCADE FROM ONE POWER BOARD TO ANOTHER OR OVERLOAD POWER BOARDS

Generally use Power Boards for Low current devices not Heaters, Kettles, and rotating machinery. Avoid cascading or connecting power boards together in chain arrangement as this may overload a 10 amp power wall socket and cause a fire or compromise the the electrical safety of the items attached to the power boards. Here below is an image of a burnt out power board which ran a 2400 Watt heater plus other electrical items. Note the burnt out socket.
Burnt out Neutral connection _ Personal and Fire Hazard

DON’T USE EXTENSION CORDS AS PERMANENT WIRING.

An extension cord is a handy device to temporarily bring power to an area in your home that does not have an outlet. It was never designed to take the place of permanent wiring. Using extension cords as permanent wiring is an indication that your home wiring is not adequate and should be updated.

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Here at Tested & True ~ test & tag, we can come to your work place and do an assessment of your Electrcal Hazards it is usually offered as an extra service and conducted at the same time as we test and tag your Electrical Equipment. We provide a Full Report with recommedations to clear up current Hazards and how to prevent future risks. Call and ask for a quote. 040 7605568

Tested and True uses the very latest in Portable Appliance Testing…The STC ProLogger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one operation.On top this all our Technicians are Trained to National Standard UEENEEP008 by Intertag in Sydney NSW, all our Equipment is in good repair and in Calibration. Most of all we pride ourselves on our Knowledge of OH&S legislation and the current Australiand Standards ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price.

Call Now Mobile 040 7605568

Visit us at

www.testedandtrue.com.au

or our Newsletter http://testedtruenewsletter.blogspot.com/

Peter Hill Manager , Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide October 2013

Working Near Power Lines

Working near Power lines here in South Australia

Performing work in close proximity to overhead power-lines or underground power cables can be a hazardous operation. Fatalities and injuries occur every year as a result of unsafe work practices when working near overhead power-lines. All machinery operators and other workers conducting work near overhead power-lines should also be aware of their safety obligations and adopt safe work practices

Practice safe work habits

Before work commences a Hazard Assessment must take place. It is an important task to Identify all electrical hazards, assess the risks, establish control measures and review these periodically. Control measures may include, but may not be restricted to:

  • applying appropriate signage at least 8 to 10 metres either  side of power-lines and using visual indicators such as tiger tails fitted to the power-lines
  • Using ground barriers, where appropriate
  • Informing workers of required work practices.
  • Ensure operators are aware of the height of their machinery in both stowed and working positions.
  • Lower all machinery to the transport position when relocating. Work away from power-lines, not towards them.
  • Exclusion zones:  If the work you and your staff are planning has the potential to encroach into power-line exclusion zones, you should contact SA Power Networks for advice on doing the job safely.
  • Contact  SA Power Networks about placing identifiers on power-lines and power poles at your worksite and any further control measures.

Disclaimer

The Advice in this fact sheet is of a general nature and does not include any current or pending revisions that are available at Safe-Work-SA and SA Power Networks. This Web-blog is not an exhaustive list of all safety matters that need to be considered. Readers of this blog are urged to find the latest information at the following websites of Power Networks SA and Safe-Work SA.**

www.sapowernetworks.com.au/public/download.jsp?id=420

http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/show_page.jsp?id=2354

** For readers in Other States of Australia or Other countries: Please contact your local/state Electrical Utilities Provider and an Occupational Health and Safety Authority in your locality and/or industry.

We at Tested & True ... Do care about all aspects of Workplace electrical safety. Our trained Technicians understand workplace hazards and are ready assess your workplace equipment and remove hazards. On top of all this,we will repair plugs and leads and will even open up equipment to repair it on-site!..ensuring that your workplace is safe and that you stay compliant to Safe-Work_SA requirements.

Call and ask for a quote. 040 7605568 Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide uses the very latest in Portable Appliance Testing…The STC Pro-Logger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one neat piece of equipment. Ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price. Call Now Mobile 040 7605568

Visit us at http://www.testedandtrue.com.au or our Newsletter http://testedtruenewsletter.blogspot.com/

Peter Hill Manager , Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide January 2013

Work safe when using Power Boards and Extension Leads

Power board safety advice

The practice of overloading power boards with many appliances (particularly large current devices,heaters, urns, portable air conditioners)  and adding other power boards or adapters  to increase capacity are undoubtedly the  major cause of fire at the Home and in the Work Place.

DON’T:

  • Plug in high power devices into power boards, ie Fan heaters, It is far safer to connect these appliances to a wall outlet
  • connect double adaptors to power boards
  • cascade a chain of power boards together, either double up your power outlet on the wall or get another outlet installed.
  • use damaged power boards
  • use power boards in wet areas such as Laundries and Bathrooms
  • use power boards as a substitute for permanent power outlets
  • use power boards in dirty or dusty areas use power boards with shutter covers in these areas.

DO:

  • always ensure that plugs fit firmly in the power board sockets
  • regularly check the power board for any signs of damage, cracking and discolouration
  • keep power boards out of the reach of children and pets
  • allow for adequate ventilation around the power board.
  • make sure you have an RCD or safety switch protected circuit that is supplying the power board
  • consider installing a permanent power outlet so you do not need to use a power board.
  • Have your appliances and power boards regularly inspected, tested and tagged, particularly if you are a business, charity or public organisation with Workers/Volunteers/General public using Power boards and appliances.

Using extension cords safely

DO:

  • always use an extension cord that has earth, active and neutral wires and a 3-pin plug – never use a 2 core flex (two wires only) as an extension cord.
  • ensure that the cord is fully unwound so it doesn’t overheat

DON’T:

  • join extension cords together. If you need an extension cord longer than 25 metres ask a licensed electrical contractor to install a general purpose power point.
  • use extension cords in wet weather or where they could contact water. If your extension cord gets wet, switch it off, and discard it.
  • place extension cords where they can be walked on or driven over. This may damage the cord and expose live wires. You can mount your extension cord on a fixture with a height of 2.5m (8ft) using tape or cable ties.
  • overload extension cords. The maximum load on an extension cord should not exceed 2,300 watts (In Australia that is nominally 10amps at 230 volts supply). Check the labelling on the extension cord to see how many watts it is rated at. Also consider using extension cords are labelled Construction Grade in outdoor and potentially hostile environments.

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… At Tested & True … We come to your work place at a time convenient to you. We can do an assessment of your Electrical Hazards it can be conducted at the same time as we test and tag your Electrical Equipment. We provide a Full Report with recommedations to clear up current Hazards and how to prevent future risks. Call and ask for a quote. 040 7605568 Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide uses the very latest in Portable Appliance Testing…The STC ProLogger 2 it can perform RCD testing, Earth Leakage Detection and Run Testing all in one neat piece of equipment. On top this all our Technicians are Trained to National Standard UEENEEP008 in test & tag operations by Intertag in Sydney NSW, all our Equipment is in good repair and in Calibration. Most of all we pride ourselves on our Knowledge of OH&S legislation and the current Australiand Standard AS/NZS 3760:2010 ensuring that you get Quality Service at a competitive price. Call Now Mobile 040 7605568

Visit us at http://www.testedandtrue.com.au or our Newsletter http://testedtruenewsletter.blogspot.com/

Peter Hill Manager , Tested & True ~ test & tag Adelaide December 2012